The Severan Dynasty came shortly after the Five Good Emperors, and it also consisted of five emperors who ruled the empire from 193-235, except for a brief interlude between 217 and 218 when Macrinus held the imperial throne. Chronologically, five are Septimius Severus the Founder (193-211), Caracalla (198-217), Geta (209-211), Elagabalus (218-221), and Alexander Severus (222-235). Their reign coincided with a period in Roman history characterized by academics as the 'High Point' of the empire,  but this particular dynastic period, after troubled years after the reign of Marcus Aurelius's son Commodus, did not see the empire returning to the height reached in under the Five Emperors Good.  It was a period in which the inherent weaknesses of the imperial system were aggravated, and successive emperor policies paved the way for an era commonly known as the Roman Empire Crisis or 'The Time of Chaos' (235-284). Septimus will continue to restore order after a brief civil war in the 190s, although the success of other Severans' ability to unite the empire should not be underestimated. At the time of Elagabalus and Alexander Severus, imperial authority declined, and Rome faced extraordinary external challenges to its existence. Severans, also known as Septimii, are from Punic Africa and Italy. The family came from a riding order and had risen steadily so that at the time of the dynasty's birth, the first two members had become senators and consuls. Septimius would become the first emperor from North Africa, and he established a dynasty at the helm of imperial leadership in one of the most difficult periods. Severan's story summarizes many things, including a capable and cruel emperor, expansion and loss of territory, great artistic achievements, and intellectual progress, coupled with some of the worst atrocities ever committed by the Romans. Severans also fared well historically thanks to their successors, because 50 years after the murder of Severus Alexander on March 19, 235 has generally been regarded by academics as one of the lowest points in the history of the Roman Empire. Severus Alexander was the last of the Severan emperors, and the following years of the crisis (235-285) were marked by a series of brief administrations, usually ending with violent deaths from the ruling emperor. At the same time, this period of time also witnessed the empire being hit by the threat of troops from all parties. The Romans faced the newly revived Persians in the east, as well as the significant strength of the German tribes in the Rhine and Goth along the Danube. Conflicts will result in the death of an emperor sitting in battle, which occurred in 251 with Emperor Decius, and Emperor Valerian was also captured in 260. Severan Dynasty: History and Heritage of the Ruler of the Ancient Roman Empire Before Roman Imperial Crisis Power saw life and government these emperors, and how Rome developed at that time. Together with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Severan dynasty that has never existed before.
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